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Wheat Allergy

What Is Wheat Allergy?

Wheat allergy is most often reported in young children and is usually outgrown before adulthood. One study found that two-thirds of children with a wheat allergy outgrow it by age 12. However, some individuals remain allergic to wheat throughout their lives.

When a person with a wheat allergy is exposed to wheat, proteins in the wheat bind to IgE antibodies made by the person’s immune system. This binding triggers the person’s immune defenses, leading to reaction symptoms that can be mild or very severe.

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Gupta RS, Warren CM, Smith BM, Blumenstock JA, Jiang J, Davis MM, Nadeau KC. The Public Health Impact of Parent-Reported Childhood Food Allergies in the United States. Pediatrics 2018; 142(6):e20181235

Gupta RS, Warren CM, Smith BM, Jiang J, Blumenstock JA, Davis MM, Schleimer RP, Nadeau KC. Prevalence and Severity of Food Allergies Among US Adults. JAMA Network Open 2019; 2(1):e185630.doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.5630.

Keet CA, Matsui EC, Dhillon G, Lenehan P, Paterakis M, Wood RA. The Natural History of Wheat Allergy. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2009; 102(5):410-415.

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