The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic and allergic diseases. NIAID provides resources to clinicians and patients to help them understand and manage food allergies. Some of these resources are highlighted on this page.
Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in the United States
NIAID released its “Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in the United States” in 2011. This document provides physicians with a uniform set of guidelines for treating patients with food allergies. For example, the guidelines specifically outline the steps to take to diagnose a food allergy, including recommendations on which tests to administer and which tests should not be used. Related conditions such as food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), and Oral Allergy Syndrome (OAS) are also addressed in the guidelines.
View full text of Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergies in the United States
View guidelines summary for clinicians
NIAID also provides a synopsis of these guidelines for patients and their families to help them work closely with their doctors.
View guidelines summary for patients, families and caregivers
Addendum Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in the United States
In January 2017, NIAID released new guidelines recommending early introduction of age-appropriate peanut foods for infants with egg allergy or severe eczema to lower their risk of developing peanut allergy. “Addendum guidelines for the prevention of peanut allergy in the United States” were authored with input from many experts in the field, including FARE CEO and chief medical officer Dr. James R. Baker, Jr., FARE’s Board of Directors member Maria Acebal, and members of FARE’s Clinical Advisory Board and Research Advisory Board. The addendum guidelines were developed in response to findings from the LEAP study (Learning Early About Peanut Allergy), which showed that children at high risk for peanut allergy were 81 percent less likely to develop peanut allergy if they ate peanut foods regularly starting at age 4-6 months.
View full text of Addendum Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in the United States
View addendum guidelines summary for clinicians
View addendum guidelines summary for parents and caregivers
View instructions for introducing peanut foods to low-risk infants
Additional Resources from NIAID
VIDEO: “Understanding Food Allergy”
What’s New in NIAID Food Allergy Research